Those who benefited from the old order will resist change very fiercely.
Xenophonon the other hand, made exactly the same distinction between types of rulers in the beginning of his Education of Cyrus where he says that, concerning the knowledge of how to rule human beings, Cyrus the Greathis exemplary prince, was very different "from all other kings, both those who have inherited their thrones from their fathers and those who have gained their crowns by their own efforts".
Machiavelli cites Cesare Borgia, who briefly used mercenary and auxiliary arms but then stopped using them and depended on his own arms.
Internal fears exist inside his kingdom and focus on his subjects, Machiavelli warns to be suspicious of everyone when hostile attitudes emerge. They assign a leader who can be popular to the people while the great benefit, or a strong authority defending the people against the great.
He declared himself ruler with no opposition. Machiavelli argues that fortune is only the judge of half of our actions and that we have control over the other half with "sweat", prudence and virtue.
Machiavelli goes on to say that a prince who obtains power through the support of the nobles has a harder time staying in power than someone who is chosen by the common people; since the former finds himself surrounded by people who consider themselves his equals.
The Court of Rome sternly prohibited his book. Machiavelli stands strongly against the use of mercenariesand in this he was innovative, and he also had personal experience in Florence. Machiavelli asserts that there are three types of intelligence: The two activities Machiavelli recommends practicing to prepare for war are physical and mental.
All their opinions should be taken into account. Turning to contemporary Italy, Machiavelli blames the weakness of its states on the political shortcomings of its rulers. Conquered Free States, with their own laws and orders Chapter 5 [ edit ] Gilbert Additionally, being overly generous is not economical, because eventually all resources will be exhausted.
Concerning these it is important to distinguish between two types of obligated great people, those who are rapacious and those who are not. This results in higher taxes, and will bring grief upon the prince.
Machiavelli advises that a prince should carefully calculate all the wicked deeds he needs to do to secure his power, and then execute them all in one stroke, such that he need not commit any more wickedness for the rest of his reign.
He does not sympathize with political leaders who lose power because of fortune. Machiavelli treats the Church as a temporal power, like all other political orders. Because they are strong and more self-sufficient, they have to make fewer compromises with their allies.
Even though Hannibal led an army of different races over foreign soil, he never had any dissension because of his reputation of extreme cruelty. He cited Caterina Sforzawho used a fortress to defend herself but was eventually betrayed by her people.
He cautions political leaders about those who are close to them; a leader needs a few people close to him who will speak the truth to him, but flatterers should be avoided. The Prudence of the Prince Chapters 20—25 [ edit ] Whether ruling conquests with fortresses works Chapter 20 [ edit ] Machiavelli mentions that placing fortresses in conquered territories, although it sometimes works, often fails.
In the first chapters Machiavelli outlines the scope of The Prince, declaring his focus on the various types of princes and principalities. Analysis[ edit ] Cesare BorgiaDuke of Valentinois.
The choice of his detestable hero, Caesar Borgiaclearly enough shows his hidden aim; and the contradiction between the teaching of the Prince and that of the Discourses on Livy and the History of Florence shows that this profound political thinker has so far been studied only by superficial or corrupt readers.
Machiavelli urges rulers to maintain a "flexible disposition," mimicking the behavior of the fox and the lion to secure their position. In The Prince, Machiavelli examines the different ways that people acquire and maintain power. He points to famous military leaders like Alexander the Great as he argues that prince should be in control of their own military forces and think of nothing but war.
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Prince Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. The Prince is an extended analysis of how to acquire and maintain political power.
It includes 26 chapters and an opening dedication to Lorenzo de Medici.
The dedication declares Machiavelli's intention to discuss in plain language the conduct of great men and the principles of princely government.
Welcome to the new SparkNotes! Your book-smartest friend just got a makeover. Our most popular lit guides now have twice as much helpful stuff, including writing guides, expanded quotes, and.
The Prince study guide contains a biography of Niccolo Machiavelli, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
The Prince study guide contains a biography of Niccolo Machiavelli, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.Machievellis the prince analysis