These were the sans-culottes see Lecture 13men who defined themselves not only by their trade but also by the clothes they wore. Louis began to treat this serious occasion as an excursion -- he ordered extra stops so that he could sup on his favorite meals and on one occasion he was recognized at Ste.
They invited the First and Second Estates to join them. The sans-culottes had played a role in revolutionary events sincebut they had, as a class, received few gains.
The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies. The fear spread that the king would retaliate with force. The war with Austria and Prussia was causing the state to have money problems.
They invited the other orders to join them, but made it clear they intended to conduct the nation's affairs with or without them.
Financial ruin thus seemed imminent.
Only the king was allowed to do this. He could not be made an official minister because he was a Protestant.
The people of Paris and the French countryside loved their king as a child loves his father. The storming of the Bastille[ change change source ] A sans-coulotte, a radical revolutionary, carrying a tricolor flag.
A second party was the Royalist democrats monarchists which wanted to create a system like the constitutional monarchy of Britain, where the king would still be a part of the government.
These included resentment of royal absolutism ; resentment by peasants, labourers and the bourgeoisie towards the traditional seigneurial privileges possessed by the nobility; resentment of the Catholic Church's influence over public policy and institutions; aspirations for freedom of religion ; resentment of aristocratic bishops by the poorer rural clergy; aspirations for social, political and economic equality, and especially as the Revolution progressed republicanism ; hatred of Queen Marie-Antoinettewho was falsely accused of being a spendthrift and an Austrian spy; and anger towards the King for dismissing ministers, including finance minister Jacques Neckerwho were popularly seen as representatives of the people.
Soon, Paris was filled with riots and looting.
Royalists and Jacobins protested the new regime but were swiftly silenced by the army, now led by a young and successful general named Napoleon Bonaparte.
France needed a new government. Nearly a third were in trades or industry; 51 were wealthy land owners. They planned to invade the Austrian Netherlands, but the revolution had made the army weak.
Our discussion will suggest that there were actually two revolutions, or two distinct stages within the Revolution: Louis accepted neither the decrees of August 4 nor the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
On July 12, royal authorities transferred barrels of gunpowder to the Bastille, and Launay brought his men into the massive fortress and raised its two drawbridges. June 20, On the 14th, they send one of their members Monsieur de Corny, whom we knew in America to the Hotel des Invalides to ask arms for their Garde Bourgeoise.
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The French Revolution (–) Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. The French Revolution of had many long-range causes.
Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate.
The causes of the French Revolution can be attributed to several intertwining factors: Cultural: The Enlightenment philosophy desacralized the authority of the monarchy and the Catholic Church, and promoted a new society based on reason instead of traditions.
By the summer ofFrance was moving quickly toward revolution. Bernard-René Jordan de Launay, the military governor of the Bastille, feared that his fortress would be a. French Revolution, political upheaval of world importance in France that began in *Origins of the Revolution*Historians disagree in.
The French Revolution (French: Révolution française French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he .The french revolution of 1789