Even it has been stated, that elements from the army were the real power behind the violence and the gangsters only a smokescreen. In early April the army-backed gangs shot into a church killing dozens of civilians.
President Abdurrachman Wahid started to promote an open debate about the atrocities and even proposed to lift the ban on communism, because it would no longer be a serious threat for the Indonesian state. There has always been a strong Christian element within the army, so strong even, that under the first President Soekarno, for a very long period Christians held the highest posts, perhaps also because no Christian would attempt a coup in a state where the majority is Muslim.
The policy of annexation, however, failed. The Treaty of Breda formalised the Dutch spice monopoly since it specified that the British would give up official control of the tiny island of Run, a source of nutmeg, in exchange for the island of Manhattan in the fledging colony that became the United States.
The result was a much greater political mobilisation along religious and ethnic lines than during the Suharto era. The religious rift went right through the clans.
In fact, Christians were no less involved in killing Muslims than Muslims were in killing Christians. A Muslim woman, Lilis Lindawati was one of the first to become a victim of this law.
Laskar Jihad announced it was officially disbanding in Octoberbut in it was waging war against the native peoples of West Papua. The regime has also released some political prisoners. Official transmigrants who moved as part of the government scheme were often outnumbered by so-called spontaneous migrants who moved freely and without any government support.
In this concluding section we have to ask how the sad developments since early show the character of the major religions in the Moluccas and how these are changing.
Some suppose that there is a relation with the elections of June, because of the close relations between religions and political parties. Protestants, Catholics and Muslims in the Moluccas all had a dream of a traditional homogeneous unity between religion and society, be it the whole state or only small-scale societies.
Palasari, its neighbour, a Catholic village, was established in In the Indonesian media, Maluku was portrayed as a region in which relations between Christians and Muslims had always been harmonious.
Ambon was among several cities in eastern Indonesia bombed by these Bs, in a rebellion that rumbled on until Buginese and Butonese have taken over several sectors, like transport on pedicabs and small trade. The result was a much greater political mobilisation along religious and ethnic lines than during the Suharto era.
Radical Muslims demanded then that Indonesia become an Islamic Republic. On Wednesday last week, when 59 members of the FPI were arrested, some individuals avoided capture. The Moluccas were the strongest province for Mrs. Three police officers were seriously injured.
The Front Pembela Islam also influences politics in Indonesia at a local and national level. The fact that most official transmigrants have been Javanese Muslims, from the most densely populated region of the country, has fed the widespread perception among Christians that official transmigration is restricted to Muslims.
Following the latest killings, Xanana is now urging his people to resume the war for independence. Malukan leaders subsequently agreed to join the new independent Indonesian state under a federal system designed to give its member states considerable autonomy.
Started as an economic alliance, "pela is also the cultic centre of Ambonese ethnic religion" Bartels. HA Chapter 30 Test. STUDY.
PLAY. Which two religious groups were the main combatants during the Lebanese civil war. occupied territories. city with sites sacred to Muslims, Jews, and Christians; control of city is a key point of disagreement between Israelis and Palestinians.
After centuries of relative harmony between Christians and Muslim in the Moluccan Islands of East Indonesia, in January a series of violent clashes began. Historical, economic and religious aspects are analyzed at a moment when the conflict was.
Indonesia is widely described as a “moderate” Islamic nation. In many ways this has been true.
Recently, however, a conflict has been brewing between those who support moderate interpretations of Islam and those who support hardline and intolerant forms.
Indonesia's political leadership has played an important role in the relations between groups, both positively and negatively, promoting mutual respect by affirming Pancasila but also promoting a Transmigration Program, which has caused a number of conflicts in the eastern region of the country.
IF YOU READ only the New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle, or watched CNN, your view of the fourth most populous country in the world, Indonesia with its million people, would be of Muslims (ninety percent of the population) and Christians killing each other, as well as pogroms against ethnic Chinese, Dayaks attacking migrants and the people of the “Spice.
Muslims in Jakarta called for a jihad - a holy war - against Christians in the Spice Islands where thousands of people have been killed and up to 50, have been made homeless in fighting between.The role of the spice island in the 1999 civil war between christians and muslims in indonesia